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About Nicaragua

Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. Nicaragua is sometimes called “the land of lakes and volcanoes.” The largest lakes in Central America and a chain of volcanic peaks dominate the western part of the country. Lakes also fill the craters of many of the volcanoes. Most of Nicaragua's people live in the country’s western lowlands, where most of the country’s economic activity also occurs. Managua, the country’s capital and largest city, lies along the shores of Lake Managua in western Nicaragua, on geologic fault lines. Severe earthquakes destroyed Managua twice in the 20th century. Nicaragua also has thick rain forests, rugged highlands, and fertile farming areas.

Nicaragua probably takes its name from Nicarao, chief of the indigenous people who lived around Lake Nicaragua at the time Spanish explorers and conquerors arrived in the early 1500s. Today, most of the people are of mixed European and Native American ancestry, but the country also has minorities of primarily Native American, African, or European descent. The total population is 5.6 million.

Nicaragua's economy is based largely on agriculture, especially on crops grown for export. Coffee is the most important agricultural export, while corn is the major crop grown for domestic consumption. Nicaragua ranks among the poorest nations in Central America, after years of corrupt dictatorship, natural disasters, revolution, and civil war.



click on map to enlarge

Quick Facts about Nicaragua:

Climate: Tropical in lowlands, cooler in the mountains.

Per Capita Income: Between $1,000 and $3,000.

Unemployment: 60 percent

Population: 4,812,559 70% Mestizo, 12% White, 11% Black 7% Amerindian.

Religions: 91 percent Roman Catholic, 6 percent Protestant, 3% other.


For more information on Nicaragua, please click on the links below:

Wickipidea,  The Free Encyclopedia

Nicaragua News


Information on the Country of Nicaragua



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Copyright © 2007 Nicaragua Mission Project
Last modified: 09/06/11